Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX60 vs Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX50 Comparison

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Cyber-shot DSC-HX60 image
vs
Cyber-shot DSC-HX50 image
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX60 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX50
Megapixels
20.40
20.40
Image resolution
5184 x 3888
5184 x 3888

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
1/2.3" (approx. 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
1/2.3" (approx. 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
5208 x 3916
5208 x 3916
Diagonal
7.70 mm
7.70 mm
Compare sensor size:

Sensor Size

Actual size is set to screen
vs
1:1
(ratio)
Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX60 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX50
Surface area:
28.46 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 0 mm² (0%)
HX60 and HX50 sensors are the same size.
Pixel pitch
1.18 µm
1.18 µm
Difference: 0 µm (0%)
HX60 and HX50 have the same pixel pitch.
Pixel area
1.39 µm²
1.39 µm²
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 0 µm² (0%)
Sony HX60 and Sony HX50 have the same pixel area.
Pixel density
71.48 MP/cm²
71.48 MP/cm²
Difference: 0 µm (0%)
Sony HX60 and Sony HX50 have the same pixel density.

Specs

Sony HX60
Sony HX50
Crop factor
5.62
5.62
Total megapixels
n/a
Optical zoom
30x
30x
Digital zoom
ISO range
Auto, 80-3200 (6400, 12800)
Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, (6400, 12800 with boost)
RAW support
Manual focus
Focus range
n/a
Macro focus range
5 cm
5 cm
Focal length
24 - 720 mm
24 - 720 mm
Aperture priority
Max. aperture
f3.5 - f6.3
f3.5 - f6.3
Metering types
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Shutter speed (min)
30s
30s
Shutter speed (max)
1/1600s
1/1600s
Built-in flash
External flash
n/a
Viewfinder type
n/a
Electronic (optional)
White balance
7
7
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
921,600 dots
921,600 dots
Video available
Max. video resolution
1920x1080 (50p)
1920x1080 (60p/60i)
Storage type
SD/SDHC/SDXC, Memory Stick Duo/Pro Duo/Pro-HG Duo
SD/SDHC/SDXC/Memory Stick Duo/Memory Stick Pro Duo, Memory Stick Pro-HG Duo
USB Version
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless support
GPS
Battery
Battery Pack NP-BX1
Lithium-Ion NP-BX1 battery
Weight
272g
272g
Body size
108.1 x 63.6 x 38.3 mm
108.1 x 64.3 x 38.3 mm
Released
2014
2013


Compare various cameras

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Sony HX60 diagonal

The diagonal of HX60 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm

Sony HX50 diagonal

The diagonal of HX50 sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

HX60 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²

HX50 sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

HX60 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5208 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.18 µm
5208

HX50 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5208 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.18 µm
5208


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

HX60 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.18 µm

Pixel area = 1.18² = 1.39 µm²

HX50 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.18 µm

Pixel area = 1.18² = 1.39 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels)² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000 / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

HX60 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5208 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (5208 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 71.48 MP/cm²

HX50 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5208 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (5208 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 71.48 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

HX60 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.40
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  20.40 × 1000000  = 3916
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3916 × 1.33 = 5208
Resolution vertical: X = 3916

Sensor resolution = 5208 x 3916

HX50 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.40
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  20.40 × 1000000  = 3916
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3916 × 1.33 = 5208
Resolution vertical: X = 3916

Sensor resolution = 5208 x 3916


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


HX60 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

HX50 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

HX60 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.5 - f6.3

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f6.3) × 5.62 = f19.7 - f35.4

HX50 equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.5 - f6.3

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.5 - f6.3) × 5.62 = f19.7 - f35.4

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