Sony a6600 vs Nikon D7500 Comparison

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a6600 image
vs
D7500 image
Sony a6600 Nikon D7500
Megapixels
24.20
20.90
Image resolution
6000 x 4000
5568 x 3712

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
23.5 x 15.6 mm
23.5 x 15.7 mm
Sensor resolution
6045 x 4003
5600 x 3733
Diagonal
28.21 mm
28.26 mm
Compare sensor size:

Sensor Size

Actual size is set to screen
vs
1:1.01
(ratio)
Sony a6600 Nikon D7500
Surface area:
366.60 mm² vs 368.95 mm²
Difference: 2.35 mm² (0.6%)
D7500 sensor is slightly bigger than a6600 sensor (only 0.6% difference).
Pixel pitch
3.89 µm
4.2 µm
Difference: 0.31 µm (8%)
Pixel pitch of D7500 is ~8% higher than a6600's.
Pixel area
15.13 µm²
17.64 µm²
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 2.51 µm² (17%)
Pixel on Nikon D7500 sensor is ~17% bigger than Sony a6600's.
Pixel density
6.62 MP/cm²
5.68 MP/cm²
Difference: 0.94 µm (17%)
Sony a6600 has ~17% higher pixel density than Nikon D7500's.

Specs

Sony a6600
Nikon D7500
Crop factor
1.53
1.53
Megapixels
25.00
21.51
Optical zoom
n/a
 
Digital zoom
ISO range
Auto, 100-32000 (expands to 102400)
Auto, 100 - 51200 (expands to 50 - 1640000)
RAW support
Manual focus
Focus range
n/a
Macro focus range
n/a
Focal length
n/a
Aperture priority
Max. aperture
n/a
Metering types
Multi, Center-weighted, Highlight-weighted, Spot
Multi, Center-weighted, Highlight-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Shutter speed (min)
30s
30s
Shutter speed (max)
1/4000s
1/8000s
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder type
Electronic
Optical (pentaprism)
White balance
8
12
Screen size
3"
3.2"
Screen resolution
921,600 dots
921,600 dots
Video available
Max. video resolution
3840x2160 (30p/​25p/​24p)
3840x2160 (30p/25p/24p)
Storage type
SD/SDHC/SDXC, MS Pro Duo
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB Version
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless support
GPS
Battery
NP-FZ1000 ilthium-ion battery
EN-EL15a lithium-ion rechargeable battery
Weight
503g
640g
Body size
120 x 66.9 x 69.3 mm
135.5 x 104 x 72.5 mm
Released
2019
2017


Compare various cameras

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Sony a6600 diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm

Nikon D7500 diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.70 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.70²   = 28.26 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

a6600 sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²

D7500 sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.70 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.70 = 368.95 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

a6600 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 3.89 µm
6045

D7500 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5600 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 4.2 µm
5600


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

a6600 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.89 µm

Pixel area = 3.89² = 15.13 µm²

D7500 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.2 µm

Pixel area = 4.2² = 17.64 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels)² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000 / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

a6600 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (6045 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 6.62 MP/cm²

D7500 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5600 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (5600 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 5.68 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

a6600 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.20
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  24.20 × 1000000  = 4003
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4003 × 1.51 = 6045
Resolution vertical: X = 4003

Sensor resolution = 6045 x 4003

D7500 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.70 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.90
r = 23.50/15.70 = 1.5
X =  20.90 × 1000000  = 3733
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3733 × 1.5 = 5600
Resolution vertical: X = 3733

Sensor resolution = 5600 x 3733


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


a6600 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

D7500 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.26 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.26

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

a6600 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Sony a6600, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Sony a6600 is 1.53

D7500 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D7500, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D7500 is 1.53

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