Canon EOS M200 vs Sony Alpha a5100 Comparison

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EOS M200 image
vs
Alpha a5100 image
Canon EOS M200 Sony Alpha a5100
Megapixels
24.10
24.30
Image resolution
6000 x 4000
6000 x 4000

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
22.3 x 14.9 mm
23.5 x 15.6 mm
Sensor resolution
6012 x 4008
6058 x 4012
Diagonal
26.82 mm
28.21 mm
Compare sensor size:

Sensor Size

Actual size is set to screen
vs
1:1.1
(ratio)
Canon EOS M200 Sony Alpha a5100
Surface area:
332.27 mm² vs 366.60 mm²
Difference: 34.33 mm² (10%)
Alpha a5100 sensor is ~1.1x bigger than M200's.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 5 year gap between Canon M200 (2019) and Sony Alpha a5100 (2014). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
3.71 µm
3.88 µm
Difference: 0.17 µm (5%)
Pixel pitch of Alpha a5100 is ~5% higher than M200's.
Pixel area
13.76 µm²
15.05 µm²
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 1.29 µm² (9%)
Pixel on Sony Alpha a5100 sensor is ~9% bigger than Canon M200's.
Pixel density
7.27 MP/cm²
6.65 MP/cm²
Difference: 0.62 µm (9%)
Canon M200 has ~9% higher pixel density than Sony Alpha a5100's.

Specs

Canon M200
Sony Alpha a5100
Crop factor
1.61
1.53
Megapixels
25.80
24.70
Optical zoom
n/a
Digital zoom
n/a
ISO range
Auto, 100-25600
Auto, 100-25600
RAW support
Manual focus
Focus range
n/a
Macro focus range
n/a
Focal length
n/a
Aperture priority
Max. aperture
n/a
Metering types
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot, Partial
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±3 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
±3 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Shutter speed (min)
30s
30s
Shutter speed (max)
1/4000s
1/4000s
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder type
None
None
White balance
6
10
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
1,040,000 dots
921,600 dots
Video available
Max. video resolution
3840x2160 (25p/‚Äč24p)
1920x1080 (60p/60i/30p/24p)
Storage type
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC, Memory Stick Pro Duo/Pro-HG Duo
USB Version
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless support
GPS
Battery
LP-E12 lithium-ion battery
NP-FW50
Weight
299g
283g
Body size
108.2 x 67.1 x 35.1 mm
109.6 x 62.8 x 35.7 mm
Released
2019
2014


Compare various cameras

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon M200 diagonal

w = 22.30 mm
h = 14.90 mm
Diagonal =  22.30² + 14.90²   = 26.82 mm

Sony Alpha a5100 diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

M200 sensor area

Width = 22.30 mm
Height = 14.90 mm

Surface area = 22.30 × 14.90 = 332.27 mm²

Alpha a5100 sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

M200 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6012 pixels
Pixel pitch =   22.30  × 1000  = 3.71 µm
6012

Alpha a5100 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6058 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 3.88 µm
6058


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

M200 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.71 µm

Pixel area = 3.71² = 13.76 µm²

Alpha a5100 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.88 µm

Pixel area = 3.88² = 15.05 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels)² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000 / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

M200 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6012 pixels
Sensor width = 2.23 cm

Pixel density = (6012 / 2.23)² / 1000000 = 7.27 MP/cm²

Alpha a5100 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6058 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (6058 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 6.65 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

M200 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor height = 14.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.10
r = 22.30/14.90 = 1.5
X =  24.10 × 1000000  = 4008
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4008 × 1.5 = 6012
Resolution vertical: X = 4008

Sensor resolution = 6012 x 4008

Alpha a5100 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.30
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  24.30 × 1000000  = 4012
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4012 × 1.51 = 6058
Resolution vertical: X = 4012

Sensor resolution = 6058 x 4012


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


M200 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 26.82 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.61
26.82

Alpha a5100 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

M200 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon M200, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Canon M200 is 1.61

Alpha a5100 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Sony Alpha a5100, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Sony Alpha a5100 is 1.53

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