Canon EOS 200D vs Nikon D5300 Comparison

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EOS 200D image
vs
D5300 image
Canon EOS 200D Nikon D5300
Megapixels
24.20
24.20
Image resolution
6000 x 4000
6000 x 4000

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
22.3 x 14.9 mm
23.5 x 15.6 mm
Sensor resolution
6026 x 4017
6045 x 4003
Diagonal
26.82 mm
28.21 mm
Compare sensor size:

Sensor Size

Actual size is set to screen
vs
1:1.1
(ratio)
Canon EOS 200D Nikon D5300
Surface area:
332.27 mm² vs 366.60 mm²
Difference: 34.33 mm² (10%)
D5300 sensor is ~1.1x bigger than 200D's.
Note: You are comparing cameras of different generations. There is a 4 year gap between Canon 200D (2017) and Nikon D5300 (2013). All things being equal, newer sensor generations generally outperform the older.
Pixel pitch
3.7 µm
3.89 µm
Difference: 0.19 µm (5%)
Pixel pitch of D5300 is ~5% higher than 200D's.
Pixel area
13.69 µm²
15.13 µm²
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 1.44 µm² (11%)
Pixel on Nikon D5300 sensor is ~11% bigger than Canon 200D's.
Pixel density
7.3 MP/cm²
6.62 MP/cm²
Difference: 0.68 µm (10%)
Canon 200D has ~10% higher pixel density than Nikon D5300's.

Specs

Canon 200D
Nikon D5300
Crop factor
1.61
1.53
Megapixels
25.80
24.78
Optical zoom
n/a
Digital zoom
n/a
ISO range
Auto, 100-25600 (expands to 51200)
Auto, 100 - 12800 (25600 with boost)
RAW support
Manual focus
Focus range
n/a
Macro focus range
n/a
Focal length
n/a
Aperture priority
Max. aperture
n/a
Metering types
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot, Partial
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Shutter speed (min)
30s
30s
Shutter speed (max)
1/4000s
1/4000s
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder type
Optical (pentamirror)
Optical (pentamirror)
White balance
6
12
Screen size
3"
3.2"
Screen resolution
1,040,000 dots
1,037,000 dots
Video available
Video resolution
1920x1080
1920x1080
Video modes
60p/50p/30p/25p/24p
60p/50p/30p/25p/24p
Storage type
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB Version
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless support
GPS
Battery
LP-E17 lithium-ion battery
Lithium-Ion EN-EL14a rechargeable battery
Weight
453g
530g
Body size
122.4 x 92.6 x 69.8 mm
125 x 98 x 76 mm
Released
2017
2013


Compare various cameras

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon 200D diagonal

w = 22.30 mm
h = 14.90 mm
Diagonal =  22.30² + 14.90²   = 26.82 mm

Nikon D5300 diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

200D sensor area

Width = 22.30 mm
Height = 14.90 mm

Surface area = 22.30 × 14.90 = 332.27 mm²

D5300 sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

200D pixel pitch

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6026 pixels
Pixel pitch =   22.30  × 1000  = 3.7 µm
6026

D5300 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 3.89 µm
6045


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

200D pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.7 µm

Pixel area = 3.7² = 13.69 µm²

D5300 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.89 µm

Pixel area = 3.89² = 15.13 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels)² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000 / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

200D pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6026 pixels
Sensor width = 2.23 cm

Pixel density = (6026 / 2.23)² / 1000000 = 7.3 MP/cm²

D5300 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (6045 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 6.62 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

200D sensor resolution

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor height = 14.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.20
r = 22.30/14.90 = 1.5
X =  24.20 × 1000000  = 4017
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4017 × 1.5 = 6026
Resolution vertical: X = 4017

Sensor resolution = 6026 x 4017

D5300 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.20
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  24.20 × 1000000  = 4003
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4003 × 1.51 = 6045
Resolution vertical: X = 4003

Sensor resolution = 6045 x 4003


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


200D crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 26.82 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.61
26.82

D5300 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

200D equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon 200D, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Canon 200D is 1.61

D5300 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D5300, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D5300 is 1.53

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