Canon EOS 1300D vs Nikon D3400 Comparison

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EOS 1300D image
vs
D3400 image
Canon EOS 1300D Nikon D3400
Megapixels
18.00
24.20
Image resolution
5184 x 3456
6000 x 4000

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
22.3 x 14.9 mm
23.5 x 15.6 mm
Sensor resolution
5196 x 3464
6045 x 4003
Diagonal
26.82 mm
28.21 mm
Compare sensor size:

Sensor Size

Actual size is set to screen
vs
1:1.1
(ratio)
Canon EOS 1300D Nikon D3400
Surface area:
332.27 mm² vs 366.60 mm²
Difference: 34.33 mm² (10%)
D3400 sensor is ~1.1x bigger than 1300D's.
Pixel pitch
4.29 µm
3.89 µm
Difference: 0.4 µm (10%)
Pixel pitch of 1300D is ~10% higher than D3400's.
Pixel area
18.4 µm²
15.13 µm²
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 3.27 µm² (22%)
Pixel on Canon 1300D sensor is ~22% bigger than Nikon D3400's.
Pixel density
5.43 MP/cm²
6.62 MP/cm²
Difference: 1.19 µm (22%)
Nikon D3400 has ~22% higher pixel density than Canon 1300D's.

Specs

Canon 1300D
Nikon D3400
Crop factor
1.61
1.53
Megapixels
18.70
24.72
Optical zoom
n/a
Digital zoom
ISO range
Auto, 100-6400 (expands to 12800)
Auto, 100-25600
RAW support
Manual focus
Focus range
n/a
Macro focus range
n/a
Focal length
n/a
Aperture priority
Max. aperture
n/a
Metering types
Multi, Center-weighted, Partial
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Shutter speed (min)
30s
30s
Shutter speed (max)
1/4000s
1/4000s
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder type
Optical (pentamirror)
Optical (pentamirror)
White balance
6
12
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
921,600 dots
921,600 dots
Video available
Video resolution
1920x1080
1920x1080
Video modes
30p/25p/24p
60p/50p/30p/25p/24p
Storage type
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB Version
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless support
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion LP-E10 rechargeable battery
EN-EL14a lithium-ion battery
Weight
485g
395g
Body size
129 x 101.3 x 77.6 mm
124 x 98 x 75.5 mm
Released
2016
2016


Compare various cameras

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon 1300D diagonal

w = 22.30 mm
h = 14.90 mm
Diagonal =  22.30² + 14.90²   = 26.82 mm

Nikon D3400 diagonal

w = 23.50 mm
h = 15.60 mm
Diagonal =  23.50² + 15.60²   = 28.21 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

1300D sensor area

Width = 22.30 mm
Height = 14.90 mm

Surface area = 22.30 × 14.90 = 332.27 mm²

D3400 sensor area

Width = 23.50 mm
Height = 15.60 mm

Surface area = 23.50 × 15.60 = 366.60 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

1300D pixel pitch

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Pixel pitch =   22.30  × 1000  = 4.29 µm
5196

D3400 pixel pitch

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Pixel pitch =   23.50  × 1000  = 3.89 µm
6045


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

1300D pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.29 µm

Pixel area = 4.29² = 18.4 µm²

D3400 pixel area

Pixel pitch = 3.89 µm

Pixel area = 3.89² = 15.13 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels)² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000 / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

1300D pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Sensor width = 2.23 cm

Pixel density = (5196 / 2.23)² / 1000000 = 5.43 MP/cm²

D3400 pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 6045 pixels
Sensor width = 2.35 cm

Pixel density = (6045 / 2.35)² / 1000000 = 6.62 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

1300D sensor resolution

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor height = 14.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 18.00
r = 22.30/14.90 = 1.5
X =  18.00 × 1000000  = 3464
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3464 × 1.5 = 5196
Resolution vertical: X = 3464

Sensor resolution = 5196 x 3464

D3400 sensor resolution

Sensor width = 23.50 mm
Sensor height = 15.60 mm
Effective megapixels = 24.20
r = 23.50/15.60 = 1.51
X =  24.20 × 1000000  = 4003
1.51
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 4003 × 1.51 = 6045
Resolution vertical: X = 4003

Sensor resolution = 6045 x 4003


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


1300D crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 26.82 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.61
26.82

D3400 crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 28.21 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.53
28.21

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

1300D equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon 1300D, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Canon 1300D is 1.61

D3400 equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Nikon D3400, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Nikon D3400 is 1.53

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