Canon EOS 1300D vs Canon PowerShot SX540 HS Comparison

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EOS 1300D image
vs
PowerShot SX540 HS image
Canon EOS 1300D Canon PowerShot SX540 HS
Megapixels
18.00
20.30
Image resolution
5184 x 3456
5184 x 3888

Sensor

Sensor type
CMOS
CMOS
Sensor size
22.3 x 14.9 mm
1/2.3" (approx. 6.16 x 4.62 mm)
Sensor resolution
5196 x 3464
5196 x 3907
Diagonal
26.82 mm
7.70 mm
Compare sensor size:

Sensor Size

Actual size is set to screen
vs
11.67:1
(ratio)
Canon EOS 1300D Canon PowerShot SX540 HS
Surface area:
332.27 mm² vs 28.46 mm²
Difference: 303.81 mm² (1067%)
1300D sensor is ~11.67x bigger than SX540 HS's.
Pixel pitch
4.29 µm
1.19 µm
Difference: 3.1 µm (261%)
Pixel pitch of 1300D is ~261% higher than SX540 HS's.
Pixel area
18.4 µm²
1.42 µm²
Relative pixel sizes:
vs
Pixel area difference: 16.98 µm² (1196%)
Pixel on Canon 1300D sensor is ~1196% bigger than Canon SX540 HS's.
Pixel density
5.43 MP/cm²
71.15 MP/cm²
Difference: 65.72 µm (1210%)
Canon SX540 HS has ~1210% higher pixel density than Canon 1300D's.

Specs

Canon 1300D
Canon SX540 HS
Crop factor
1.61
5.62
Megapixels
18.70
21.10
Optical zoom
n/a
50x
Digital zoom
ISO range
Auto, 100-6400 (expands to 12800)
Auto, 80-3200
RAW support
Manual focus
Focus range
n/a
5 cm
Macro focus range
n/a
Focal length
n/a
24 - 1200 mm
Aperture priority
Max. aperture
n/a
f3.4 - f6.5
Metering types
Multi, Center-weighted, Partial
Multi, Center-weighted, Spot
Exposure compensation
±5 EV (in 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
±2 EV (in 1/3 EV steps)
Shutter priority
Shutter speed (min)
30s
15s
Shutter speed (max)
1/4000s
1/2000s
Built-in flash
External flash
Viewfinder type
Optical (pentamirror)
None
White balance
6
5
Screen size
3"
3"
Screen resolution
921,600 dots
461,000 dots
Video available
Video resolution
1920x1080
1920x1080
Video modes
30p/25p/24p
60p/30p
Storage type
SD/SDHC/SDXC
SD/SDHC/SDXC
USB Version
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
HDMI
Wireless support
GPS
Battery
Lithium-Ion LP-E10 rechargeable battery
NB-6LH lithium-ion battery
Weight
485g
442g
Body size
129 x 101.3 x 77.6 mm
120 x 81.7 x 91.9 mm
Released
2016
2016


Compare various cameras

vs

Diagonal

Diagonal is calculated by the use of Pythagorean theorem:
Diagonal =  w² + h²
where w = sensor width and h = sensor height

Canon 1300D diagonal

w = 22.30 mm
h = 14.90 mm
Diagonal =  22.30² + 14.90²   = 26.82 mm

Canon SX540 HS diagonal

The diagonal of SX540 HS sensor is not 1/2.3 or 0.43" (11 mm) as you might expect, but approximately two thirds of that value - 7.7 mm. If you want to know why, see sensor sizes.

w = 6.16 mm
h = 4.62 mm
Diagonal =  6.16² + 4.62²   = 7.70 mm


Surface area

Surface area is calculated by multiplying the width and the height of a sensor.

1300D sensor area

Width = 22.30 mm
Height = 14.90 mm

Surface area = 22.30 × 14.90 = 332.27 mm²

SX540 HS sensor area

Width = 6.16 mm
Height = 4.62 mm

Surface area = 6.16 × 4.62 = 28.46 mm²


Pixel pitch

Pixel pitch is the distance from the center of one pixel to the center of the next measured in micrometers (µm). It can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel pitch =   sensor width in mm  × 1000
sensor resolution width in pixels

1300D pixel pitch

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Pixel pitch =   22.30  × 1000  = 4.29 µm
5196

SX540 HS pixel pitch

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Pixel pitch =   6.16  × 1000  = 1.19 µm
5196


Pixel area

The area of one pixel can be calculated by simply squaring the pixel pitch:
Pixel area = pixel pitch²

You could also divide sensor surface area with effective megapixels:
Pixel area =   sensor surface area in mm²
effective megapixels

1300D pixel area

Pixel pitch = 4.29 µm

Pixel area = 4.29² = 18.4 µm²

SX540 HS pixel area

Pixel pitch = 1.19 µm

Pixel area = 1.19² = 1.42 µm²


Pixel density

Pixel density can be calculated with the following formula:
Pixel density =  ( sensor resolution width in pixels)² / 1000000
sensor width in cm

One could also use this formula:
Pixel density =   effective megapixels × 1000000 / 10000
sensor surface area in mm²

1300D pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Sensor width = 2.23 cm

Pixel density = (5196 / 2.23)² / 1000000 = 5.43 MP/cm²

SX540 HS pixel density

Sensor resolution width = 5196 pixels
Sensor width = 0.616 cm

Pixel density = (5196 / 0.616)² / 1000000 = 71.15 MP/cm²


Sensor resolution

Sensor resolution is calculated from sensor size and effective megapixels. It's slightly higher than maximum (not interpolated) image resolution which is usually stated on camera specifications. Sensor resolution is used in pixel pitch, pixel area, and pixel density formula. For sake of simplicity, we're going to calculate it in 3 stages.

1. First we need to find the ratio between horizontal and vertical length by dividing the former with the latter (aspect ratio). It's usually 1.33 (4:3) or 1.5 (3:2), but not always.

2. With the ratio (r) known we can calculate the X from the formula below, where X is a vertical number of pixels:
(X × r) × X = effective megapixels × 1000000    →   
X =  effective megapixels × 1000000
r
3. To get sensor resolution we then multiply X with the corresponding ratio:

Resolution horizontal: X × r
Resolution vertical: X

1300D sensor resolution

Sensor width = 22.30 mm
Sensor height = 14.90 mm
Effective megapixels = 18.00
r = 22.30/14.90 = 1.5
X =  18.00 × 1000000  = 3464
1.5
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3464 × 1.5 = 5196
Resolution vertical: X = 3464

Sensor resolution = 5196 x 3464

SX540 HS sensor resolution

Sensor width = 6.16 mm
Sensor height = 4.62 mm
Effective megapixels = 20.30
r = 6.16/4.62 = 1.33
X =  20.30 × 1000000  = 3907
1.33
Resolution horizontal: X × r = 3907 × 1.33 = 5196
Resolution vertical: X = 3907

Sensor resolution = 5196 x 3907


Crop factor

Crop factor or focal length multiplier is calculated by dividing the diagonal of 35 mm film (43.27 mm) with the diagonal of the sensor.
Crop factor =   43.27 mm
sensor diagonal in mm


1300D crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 26.82 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 1.61
26.82

SX540 HS crop factor

Sensor diagonal in mm = 7.70 mm
Crop factor =   43.27  = 5.62
7.70

35 mm equivalent aperture

Equivalent aperture (in 135 film terms) is calculated by multiplying lens aperture with crop factor (a.k.a. focal length multiplier).

1300D equivalent aperture

Aperture is a lens characteristic, so it's calculated only for fixed lens cameras. If you want to know the equivalent aperture for Canon 1300D, take the aperture of the lens you're using and multiply it with crop factor.

Crop factor for Canon 1300D is 1.61

SX540 HS equivalent aperture

Crop factor = 5.62
Aperture = f3.4 - f6.5

35-mm equivalent aperture = (f3.4 - f6.5) × 5.62 = f19.1 - f36.5

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